Panchakarma (Five Procedures)



Panchakarma treatments are very integral to Ayurveda and form a part of the treatment protocol for most diseases. These procedures overarch all the sub-specialties in Ayurveda and are administered differentially based on many factors. They may be in the form of external physical treatments to the body – entire/ part/ local – or medications administered to the body via oral/ nasal/ anal routes. Panchakarma is believed to cleanse the system, thereby addressing the root cause of the illness and also helps in better absorption and assimilation of nutrients and medicaments. The five core procedures that constitute Panchakarma include Vamana (therapeutic emesis), Virechana (therapeutic purgation), Basti (medicated enema), Nasya (nasal instillation of medicine) and Raktamokshana (leech therapy). It is not surprising that owing to the antiquity of the science, some of these practices were a part of tradition in earlier generations. Panchakarma procedures are taxing to the human system, thereby warranting preparatory procedure (purvakarma) to acclimatize the body to the therapy and also post treatment care (paschatkarma) to allow the body to recuperate from the therapy. The therapies are usually administered over a course of few days to few weeks depending on the disease/health condition being addressed. Periodic adoption of Panchakarma therapies provides prophylaxis against seasonal diseases like asthma, allergic rhinitis etc. and lifestyle related diseases like obesity, early diabetes etc. Some of these procedures are also used in isolation in select conditions.

The main objective of Ayurveda panchakarma procedures is to achieve optimal health and well-being through a comprehensive approach that addresses mind, body, behaviour and environment.

MSR-ICAIM promotes authentic Ayurveda panchakarma procedures conducted by certified therapists under the supervision of trained and experienced doctors. Some of the procedures that we offer include:

  1. Snehana (oleation)
    • Abhyanga (massage with oils)
    • Kayaseka (pouring of medicaments over the body including Dhanyamladhara, Pizichil)
    • Shirodhara (pouring of medicaments over the head)
    • Kati/Greevabasti (retention of oil on the back/neck)
  2. Swedana (sudation)
    • Patrapindasweda (sudation with fresh medicated herbs)
    • Churnapindasweda (sudation with medicated powder)
    • Shashtikashalipindasweda/navarakizhi (sudation with special rice cooked in herbs)
    • Avagahasweda (tub bath with decoction of herbs)
    • Bashpasweda (sudation in steam chamber)
  3. Vamana (therapeutic emesis)
  4. Virechana (therapeutic purgation)/ Basti (medicated enema)
  5. Nasya (nasal instillation of medicines)