D IABETES MELLITUS (DM) in general is a chronic metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to make
proper use of glucose which results in h y p e r g l y c e m i a (increase in blood sugar level) and glycosuria (increase in sugar levels in urine). In particular, Type I DM is characterized by loss of insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas leading to deficiency of insulin in the body. Type II DM is characterized by insulin resistance or reduced insulin sensitivity. Both lead to hyperglycemia, which largely causes acute signs of diabetes; excess urine production, compensatory thirst and increased fluid intake, blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, lethargy, change in energy metabolism etc.
The symptoms of diabetes can be correlated to the symptoms of Prameha Prameha is a metabolic disorder explained extensively in Ayurveda literature. Prameha, holds the twin meanings of “prabhutha mutratha” or excessive urination and “Avilmutratha” or turbid urine.
Etiological factors of prameha:
Common features of diabetes mellitus and prameha:
Making a few changes in lifestyle will help an individual to combat diabetes/ prameha.
Here are a few tips which you can follow to avoid diabetes:
Some herbs useful in prameha:
Triphala – Terminalia chebula, Terminalia belerica, emblica officinalis.
Guduchi – Tinospora cordifolia
Jambu – eugenia jambolana
Shilajit – Asphaltum (mineral pitch)
Turmeric – Curcuma longa.
Use barley, green gram, horse gram, chickpeas, old rice, bitter gourd and bottle gourd in your food intake. Roasted rice and wheat are useful. Include ‘Tikta ras’ (bitter), Kashaya (astringent) items in your diet.